This article is designed to help those embarking on a new business venture or concept using LoRaWAN technology to understand the options and impact of the choice of LoRaWAN network server type. This article assumes a basic level of knowledge of LoRa and LPWANs and offers the reader clarity on the possible architectures available by virtue of different LoRaWAN Network Server implementations.

LoRaWAN Architecture

LoRaWAN itself defines and end to end data delivery solutions as illustrated in Figure below . End devices are predominately various types of sensor that communicate with LoRaWAN gateways using the LoRa physical layer protocol predominately on sub-GHz license-exempt bands such as 868MHz in EU, 915 MHz in USA & 470MHz in China.


Feature Intergrated LNS Cloud-hosted LNS
4G Data cost absolute Low Higher
4G Data cost risk Low Higher
Server resilience Low High
Centralised network
Unavailable without
Very granular
Recurring cost Generally free Generally chargeable
Compute power Generally free Very High
Network roaming Not available Possible
Ability to ‘resell’ network services Low High

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